Understanding Trademark Classes: 


Introduction: In the world of trademarks, different products and services fall into distinct categories, known as trademark classes. These classes play a crucial role in the trademark registration process as they help define the scope of protection for your mark. we will explore what trademark classes are, why they are essential, and how they impact your brand’s intellectual property protection. Let’s dive into the world of trademark classes together!

Heading 1: What are Trademark Classes? 

Trademark classes are categories used by intellectual property offices to classify goods and services concerning trademarks. These classes are defined to ensure that trademarks with similar products or services are grouped together for the registration process, making it easier to determine potential conflicts.

Heading 2: Why Trademark Classes are Important?

  • Distinctive Protection: Trademark classes help establish the uniqueness of your mark within a specific category, preventing confusion with similar marks outside that class.
  • Narrowing Down Search Results: When conducting a trademark search, classes allow you to focus on relevant products or services, streamlining the search process.
  • Customized Brand Protection: By choosing the appropriate classes during registration, you can tailor the protection of your mark based on your business offerings.
  • Avoiding Refusals: Incorrectly classifying your mark during registration can lead to refusals or delays in the registration process.

Heading 3: Types of Trademark Classes

  • Goods Classes (Classes 1 to 34): These classes cover various tangible products, ranging from chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics (Class 1 to 5) to furniture, toys, and apparel (Class 20 to 25).
  • Services Classes (Classes 35 to 45): These classes pertain to different types of services offered, such as advertising, business administration, insurance, and telecommunications.

Heading 4: How to Identify the Right Trademark Class?

  • Understand Your Products or Services: Clearly define the goods or services your business offers to determine the appropriate class/es.
  • Conduct a Thorough Search: Review existing trademarks within your industry and related fields to identify common classes used.
  • Seek Professional Advice: Consult with a trademark attorney or specialist to ensure accurate classification and minimize potential disputes.

Heading 5: Registering Your Trademark in Multiple Classes

  • If your business offers products or services that fall into different classes, you can register your trademark in multiple classes for comprehensive protection.
  • Registering in multiple classes may involve additional fees, but it significantly expands your brand’s exclusivity and legal rights.

Heading 6: The Madrid System for International Trademark Registration

  • The Madrid System simplifies the process of obtaining trademark protection in multiple countries by filing a single international application.
  • Applicants can designate the countries where they seek protection, selecting the relevant classes for each designated country.

Heading 7: Maintaining and Renewing Trademark Protection

  • Trademark protection requires periodic renewals to remain in force. Each class must be renewed independently, as the protection duration may vary depending on the country’s regulations.

Conclusion: Trademark classes are a fundamental aspect of the trademark registration process, determining the scope of protection for your mark. By understanding and correctly identifying the appropriate classes for your goods or services, you can secure comprehensive brand protection and prevent potential conflicts with similar marks in your industry. Stay informed about the trademark classification system to safeguard your brand’s intellectual property effectively. Invest in the right trademark classes today to pave the way for a successful and secure brand identity tomorrow.

                                       Nice Class Headings


1 Chemicals for use in industry, science and photography, as well as in agriculture, horticulture and forestry; Unprocessed artificial resins, unprocessed plastics; Fire extinguishing and fire prevention compositions; Tempering and soldering preparations; Substances for tanning animal skins and hides; Adhesives for use in industry; Putties and other paste fillers; Compost, manures, fertilizers; Biological preparations for use in industry and science


2 Paints, varnishes, lacquers; Preservatives against rust and against deterioration of wood; Colorants, dyes; Inks for printing, marking and engraving; Raw natural resins; Metals in foil and powder form for use in painting, decorating, printing and art


3 Non-medicated cosmetics and toiletry preparations; Non-medicated dentifrices; Perfumery, essential oils; Bleaching preparations and other substances for laundry use; Cleaning, polishing, scouring and abrasive preparations


4 Industrial oils and greases, wax; Lubricants; Dust absorbing, wetting and binding compositions; Fuels and illuminants; Candles and wicks for lighting


5 Pharmaceuticals, medical and veterinary preparations; Sanitary preparations for medical purposes; Dietetic food and substances adapted for medical or veterinary use, food for babies; Dietary supplements for human beings and animals; Plasters, materials for dressings; Material for stopping teeth, dental wax; Disinfectants; Preparations for destroying vermin; Fungicides, herbicides


6 Common metals and their alloys, ores; Metal materials for building and construction; Transportable buildings of metal; Non-electric cables and wires of common metal; Small items of metal hardware; Metal containers for storage or transport; Safes


7 Machines, machine tools, power-operated tools; Motors and engines, except for land vehicles; Machine coupling and transmission components, except for land vehicles; Agricultural implements, other than hand-operated hand tools; Incubators for eggs; Automatic vending machines


8 Hand tools and implements, hand-operated; Cutlery; Side arms, except firearms; Razors


9 Scientific, research, navigation, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, audiovisual, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, detecting, testing, inspecting, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments; Apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling the distribution or use of electricity; Apparatus and instruments for recording, transmitting, reproducing or processing sound, images or data; Recorded and downloadable media, computer software, blank digital or analogue recording and storage media; Mechanisms for coin-operated apparatus; Cash registers, calculating devices; Computers and computer peripheral devices; Diving suits, divers’ masks, ear plugs for divers, nose clips for divers and swimmers, gloves for divers, breathing apparatus for underwater swimming; Fire-extinguishing apparatus


10 Surgical, medical, dental and veterinary apparatus and instruments; Artificial limbs, eyes and teeth; Orthopaedic articles; Suture materials; Therapeutic and assistive devices adapted for persons with disabilities; Massage apparatus; Apparatus, devices and articles for nursing infants; Sexual activity apparatus, devices and articles


11 Apparatus and installations for lighting, heating, cooling, steam generating, cooking, drying, ventilating, water supply and sanitary purposes


12 Vehicles; Apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water


13 Firearms; Ammunition and projectiles; Explosives; Fireworks


14 Precious metals and their alloys; Jewellery, precious and semi-precious stones; Horological and chronometric instruments


15 Musical instruments; Music stands and stands for musical instruments; Conductors’ batons


16 Paper and cardboard; Printed matter; Bookbinding material; Photographs; Stationery and office requisites, except furniture; Adhesives for stationery or household purposes; Drawing materials and materials for artists; Paintbrushes; Instructional and teaching materials; Plastic sheets, films and bags for wrapping and packaging; Printers’ type, printing blocks


17 Unprocessed and semi-processed rubber, gutta-percha, gum, asbestos, mica and substitutes for all these materials; Plastics and resins in extruded form for use in manufacture; Packing, stopping and insulating materials; Flexible pipes, tubes and hoses, not of metal


18 Leather and imitations of leather; Animal skins and hides; Luggage and carrying bags; Umbrellas and parasols; Walking sticks; Whips, harness and saddlery; Collars, leashes and clothing for animals


19 Materials, not of metal, for building and construction; Rigid pipes, not of metal, for building; Asphalt, pitch, tar and bitumen; Transportable buildings, not of metal; Monuments, not of metal


20 Furniture, mirrors, picture frames; Containers, not of metal, for storage or transport; Unworked or semi-worked bone, horn, whalebone or mother-of-pearl; Shells; Meerschaum; Yellow amber


21 Household or kitchen utensils and containers; Cookware and tableware, except forks, knives and spoons; Combs and sponges; Brushes, except paintbrushes; Brush-making materials; Articles for cleaning purposes; Unworked or semi-worked glass, except building glass; Glassware, porcelain and earthenware


22 Ropes and string; Nets; Tents and tarpaulins; Awnings of textile or synthetic materials; Sails; Sacks for the transport and storage of materials in bulk; Padding, cushioning and stuffing materials, except of paper, cardboard, rubber or plastics; Raw fibrous textile materials and substitutes therefor


23 Yarns and threads for textile use


24 Textiles and substitutes for textiles; Household linen; Curtains of textile or plastic


25 Clothing, footwear, headwear


26 Lace, braid and embroidery, and haberdashery ribbons and bows; Buttons, hooks and eyes, pins and needles; Artificial flowers; Hair decorations; False hair


27 Carpets, rugs, mats and matting, linoleum and other materials for covering existing floors; Wall hangings, not of textile


28 Games, toys and playthings; Video game apparatus; Gymnastic and sporting articles; Decorations for Christmas trees


29 Meat, fish, poultry and game; Meat extracts; Preserved, frozen, dried and cooked fruits and vegetables; Jellies, jams, compotes; Eggs; Milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and other milk products; Oils and fats for food


30 Coffee, tea, cocoa and substitutes therefor; Rice, pasta and noodles; Tapioca and sago; Flour and preparations made from cereals; Bread, pastries and confectionery; Chocolate; Ice cream, sorbets and other edible ices; Sugar, honey, treacle; Yeast, baking-powder; Salt, seasonings, spices, preserved herbs; Vinegar, sauces and other condiments; Ice [frozen water]


31 Raw and unprocessed agricultural, aquacultural, horticultural and forestry products; Raw and unprocessed grains and seeds; Fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh herbs; Natural plants and flowers; Bulbs, seedlings and seeds for planting; Live animals; Foodstuffs and beverages for animals; Malt


32 Beers; Non-alcoholic beverages; Mineral and aerated waters; Fruit beverages and fruit juices; Syrups and other preparations for making non-alcoholic beverages


33 Alcoholic beverages, except beers; Alcoholic preparations for making beverages


34 Tobacco and tobacco substitutes; Cigarettes and cigars; Electronic cigarettes and oral vaporizers for smokers; Smokers’ articles; Matches

35 Advertising; Business management, organization and administration; Office functions


36 Financial, monetary and banking services; Insurance services; Real estate affairs; Real estate services


37 Construction services; Installation and repair services; Mining extraction, oil and gas drilling


38 Telecommunications services


39 Transport; Packaging and storage of goods; Travel arrangement


40 Treatment of materials; Recycling of waste and trash; Air purification and treatment of water; Printing services; Food and drink preservation


41 Education; Providing of training; Entertainment; Sporting and cultural activities


42 Scientific and technological services and research and design relating thereto; Industrial analysis, industrial research and industrial design services; Quality control and authentication services; Design and development of computer hardware and software


43 Services for providing food and drink; Temporary accommodation


44 Medical services; Veterinary services; Hygienic and beauty care for human beings or animals; Agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and forestry services


45 Legal services; Security services for the physical protection of tangible property and individuals; Personal and social services rendered by others to meet the needs of individuals; Dating services, online social networking services; Funerary services; Babysitting


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Filing of Trademark in One Class

Use TM Over Your Trademark

User Affidavit Drafting

User Affidavit Drafting

Trademark Availability Search

Trademark Availability Search

Consultation With IPR Advisor

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Rs. 3,999/-

Filing of Trademark in One Class

Use TM Over Your Trademark

User Affidavit Drafting

User Affidavit Drafting

Classification of Trademark

Classification of Trademark

Trademark Availability Search

Consultation With IPR Advisor

  • No hidden charges



Filing of Trademark in One Class

User Affidavit Drafting

Use TM Over Your Trademark

Classification of Trademark

  • Trademark Objection Reply
  • Trademark Availability Search
  • Trademark Hearing
  • No hidden charges
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