Section 8 Companies Registration

Section 8 Companies: Non-Profit Organizations with Charitable Objectives


Section 8 Companies, as per the Companies Act, 2013, are non-profit organizations that operate for promoting charitable, educational, scientific, social, welfare, environmental, or other similar objectives.

These companies are incorporated under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013, and are formed with the primary intent of promoting social welfare and not for making profits.

Features of Section 8 Companies

  1. Non-Profit Nature: Section 8 Companies are formed with the primary objective of promoting charitable or social welfare activities and not for making profits.
  2. Charitable Objectives: The companies must have defined charitable or social welfare objectives, such as education, healthcare, poverty alleviation, environment protection, etc.
  3. No Dividend Distribution: Unlike other companies, Section 8 Companies cannot distribute dividends to their shareholders. Any surplus generated is reinvested into the objectives of the company.
  4. Limited Liability: Members or shareholders of the Section 8 Companies have limited liability, similar to other types of companies.
  5. Exemption from “Limited” in the Name: Section 8 Companies are exempt from using the word “Limited” or “Private Limited” in their names.

Advantages of Section 8 Companies

  1. Tax Benefits: Section 8 Companies are eligible for tax exemptions and benefits under the Income Tax Act, 1961, which can help in attracting donors and contributors.
  2. Legal Recognition: Being registered under the Companies Act, Section 8 Companies gain legal recognition, enhancing their credibility and transparency.
  3. Fundraising Opportunities: Due to their non-profit nature, Section 8 Companies can receive donations and contributions from various sources to fulfill their charitable objectives.
  4. Perpetual Existence: Section 8 Companies enjoy perpetual existence, unaffected by the changes in the membership or management.

Compliance Requirements for Section 8 Companies

Section 8 Companies are required to fulfill certain compliance requirements, including:

  1. Memorandum and Articles of Association: The Memorandum and Articles of Association of the company should clearly state the charitable or social welfare objectives.
  2. Income Tax Exemption: Apply for and maintain income tax exemption under Section 12A and 80G of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
  3. FCRA Registration: If the company intends to receive foreign contributions, it must obtain registration under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA).
  4. Annual Returns and Financial Statements: File annual returns and financial statements with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within the prescribed timelines.
  5. Maintain Books of Accounts: Maintain proper books of accounts and financial records as required by law.


Section 8 Companies play a significant role in promoting social welfare and charitable activities in India. Their non-profit nature and eligibility for tax benefits make them attractive for individuals and organizations looking to contribute to noble causes.

By adhering to the compliance requirements and maintaining transparency in their operations, Section 8 Companies can effectively pursue their charitable objectives and positively impact society.


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